General

Term Illustration Comments
Arabesque

Similar to a scale, except with the chest up
Bridge

Holding the body in an arched-back position
Handstand

Standing on hands; entire body should be in a straight line, from hands to toes
Hollow Body Position

Rounded back, shoulders at ears, tight hips
Lounge

Front leg bent, back leg straight
Pike

Legs together, straight in front, body bent forward
Pirouette

A turn on a vertical axis, either on your feet or in a handstand.
Pivot Turn

While standing in a stretched, relevé position, with one foot in front of the other, keeping both feet in place, turn your entire body pivoting on your toes
Possé

Standing on one foot, the other leg is bent, toes on the knee
Relevé

Standing on high toe
Scale

Balancing on one foot with the other leg high in the air; chest is down; can be done in a variety of positions
Split

Position in which the legs are at 180 degrees
Straddle

Both legs out to the side
Stretch

Extending the body as long as possible; straight legs, straight arms
Tuck

Legs bent, and bent at the hips; ideally bringing your chin to your chest and legs to your chest

Bars

Term Illustration Comments
Cast

Starting from a front support, bend at the hips to generate energy to push your body above the bar, and return to front support